Registered Charity Number: 273480
First Registered: 5 May 1977
Copyright © FOBT 1999 - 2013
(Based on "A History of Buckden Towers" by Mary M. Sweeney, BA - Fourth Edition, 1990)
Probably the most important Royal visitor to Buckden Palace was Katherine of Aragon. She was sent here by order of Henry VIII after the annulment of their marriage by Archbishop Cranmer. She resided in the Palace from July 1533 until 1534, occupying a room from which she had a direct view into the chapel. The ordinary people of England had a deep sympathy with Katherine and she was very popular with the villagers of Buckden. This, together with the fact that she was visited here by two Friars Observant who were her devoted supporters, made Henry determined to move her to a place where she could be more easily confined. In December 1533 Henry sent the Duke of Suffolk to force the Queens attendants to address her as "Princess Dowager" instead of treating her as Queen, and to remove Katherine herself either to Fotheringhay or Somersham. Suffolk arrived on 18th December, but he met with a blank reception. The Queens attendants, both English and Spanish, remained perfectly loyal to her and Katherine herself refused to be moved. Fotheringhay she had always disliked, and Somersham was so damp that it would probably cause her death. Suffolk lost his temper and shouted at her. Katherine retired to her room and sealed the door against him.
The men of Buckden now took a hand and showed their sympathy with the Queen. They gathered in the street outside silent but carrying choppers or billhooks and looking so threatening, that Suffolks courage began to fail him. He found himself, moreover, shunned by the gentry of the district. After several days he succumbed. All he could do was to remove the furnishings of the Palace that Katherine had brought with her, and have them packed up, ready to send to London. He arrested some of the Queens English attendants. Katherine herself remained behind the locked doors, saying that she could only be removed by force. This Suffolk, in view of the menacing crowds outside, dared not do, and he returned to London, defeated by the Queen and the men of Buckden. In the following May, Katherine was moved to more comfortable, but more easily protected quarters at Kimbolton where she lived the life of a semi-recluse until her death on 7 January 1536 [not July as quoted in the original history].
As you enter the Lady Chapel from the Main Church, the stained glass window depicting scenes from Queen Katherine's life can be found on the right hand side of the Chapel.
LH Top Window
Queen Katherine a frequent pilgrim to Walsingham
Katherine Queen of England
RH Top Window
Patron of Humanist scholars talking to St Thomas More
LH Bottom Window
The second refusal to swear the Oath of Succession, May 1534
RH Bottom Window
The Duke of Suffolk is foiled in his attempt to remove Queen Katherine from Buckden, December 1533
(Picture Credit: Tony Gilchrist, Buckden, March 2000)
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Last Updated: 28-Jul-2012